The staggering influence of 21st Century and its creation of a service-economy are comparable to highlights of 20th century urban design such as steel and automobiles. Today the pervasive power of the internet has led to a Fourth Utility revolution wherein the internet is as indispensable as our core utilities for survival in this modern day and age. This, is being leveraged by Governments and private sectors to provide a greater quality of life using lesser resources thereby reducing the environmental footprint of our species.
One of the world’s most pressing challenges is climate change: the need to radically reduce greenhouse gas emissions, while continuing to enable economic development worldwide, is a combination that requires innovative action.
So far the Global leadership has been more of words than of concrete actions. Countries around the word have set targets to reduce impact on the environment and alleviate climate change effects. But, strong actions are needed to reach the targets that were discussed and set. Agencies from EU have reported that a maximum of 30% cut in GHG emissions by 2020 is imperative to hold the temperature rise under 2 °C, and a further 80% is required by 2050. Far reaching reductions further than the Kyoto targets can be achieved only by fundamental changes to our infrastructure, lifestyle and business practices.
As demonstrated in this document, there is a potential to allow the ICT sector to provide leadership.
This is a sector that is used to rapid changes and has many of the most innovative people in the business sector, and a unique service focus: it can become an important part of the solutions needed to combat climate change.
ICT has the potential to effect significant energy savings through smart use. Arduous logistics of travel and transportation is easily solved by ICT through shrinking distances and increasing efficiency. ICT allows a strategic shift to core services through economic de-materialization Above all it can reduce, manage and monitor energy consumption and carbon footprint of buildings and infrastructure.
“Government, civil society and the private sector are encouraged to initiate actions, for sustainable production and consumption” –UNFCC and other Global Organizations like WWF, ETNO, WBCSD, CG and others have embarked on a joint initiative,